Macular Degeneration (MD)
MD is the condition where central vision is destroyed. It is the leading cause of vision loss in Americans age 60 and up. Factors that put people at higher risk include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity.
There are two types of MD, “wet” and “dry”.
Wet MD is the more severe condition. Leaky blood vessels behind the retina (the eye’s movie screen) cause swelling and therefore loss of vision occurs.
The less severe and more common dry MD is caused by cells breaking down in the macula (located in the center of the retina) resulting in blind spots or blurry vision.