Are you aware that having diabetes increases the risk of developing several eye-related conditions? These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma, as well as several other conditions that may impact your vision.
Diabetic retinopathy, which occurs due to high blood glucose levels causing harm to the blood vessels in the retina, and it’s also one of the leading causes of adult blindness in North America.
While cataracts, which lead to the loss of vision, and are a common result of getting older, a lot of people don’t know that diabetes patients are likely to develop these at a much younger age.
Your odds of developing glaucoma, another condition that can lead to loss of vision, increase by fifty percent when you’ve got diabetes. Glaucoma comes about as a result of escalating pressure in the eye, resulting in damage of nerves in the eye and loss of vision.
Anyone with diabetes, type 1 or 2, are at a higher chance of developing diabetic eye disease, even more so if their diabetes isn’t adequately treated. Other risk factors include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Length of the disease
- Poor diet and exercise habits
- Race í studies have proven that African-Americans and Hispanics may be more susceptible to developing diabetic retinopathy and vision loss.
Symptoms of diabetic eye diseases usually shift with blood sugar levels. These often include the following:
- Blurry or distorted vision which is subject to fluctuation
- Blind spots or floaters
- Double vision
- Eye Pain
- Problems with near vision
- Corneal abrasions
Unfortunately, these symptoms are more than warning signs. At patient can develop diabetic eye disease before they even start to detect symptoms.
Detecting the condition before these symptoms surface can make all the difference when it comes to avoiding irreversible vision loss. With this is mind, it is strongly advised that diabetes sufferers go get a yearly eye exam to monitor the health of their eyes. If you have diabetes, it’s so important to make sure you know about the risks and prevention of diabetic eye disease. Annual eye exams, and proper preventative measures, can make the difference between a world of sight and a world of darkness.